Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) in it’s new study finds that the number of people with disabilities in Afghanistan has a 11 percent increase in 14 years.
According to AIHRC, the statistical data for this study (156 cases), were obtained from Asia Foundation’s survey, the Commission’s database, while the rest were gained through field studies, in which, 1504 people with disabilities participated from 22 provinces of Afghanistan.
“Among participants in the field study, there were 1,192 (79.3%) men and 310 (20.6 %) women; while regarding 2 (0.1 %) of the participants in the field study, gender status was not specified.”
Based on the findings of AIHRC study, 13.9% of the total population of the country (4,475,800) have been identified as people with disabilities. “In 1384 (2005), this figure reached 2.7% of the total population of the country; thus, in 14 years, the number of people with disabilities has increased by 11.2%.”
The rights body said that war and roadside mines have been identified as the causes of disability for 627 (41.7 %) of the interviewees.
“18 people (1.2 %) were told to have disabilities, as a result of arbitrary use of drugs, 29 (1.9 %) due to traffic incidents, 72 (4.8 %) caused by non-observance of safety measures at their living place, and 22 (1. 5) affected by non-observance of safety measures at workplace, 60 people (4.0 %) as a result of not receiving vaccination, 32 people (2.1 %) caused by a shortage in maternal healthcare during pregnancy. The disability causes for the remaining 644 (42.8 %) of the rest of the interviewees have not been specified.”
The commission stated that people with disabilities are among the most vulnerable layers of the society, and they need special support from their families, the community, and, most importantly, the government and responsible institutions.
“According to the findings of this study, 573 (38.1 %) of those participated in the study reported that they had experienced violence at home and in the community because of their disability, and that they have been insulted, mocked, and harassed.
Among those who were abused and subjected to insults, humiliation, and harassment, 14 (2.4%) were victims of physical violence in the home and community, and 391 (68.2%) were deprived from support by the family members, people and government, 127 people (22.2%) were humiliated and insulted, 18 people (3.1%) were barred from entering public places and public gatherings, and 23 people (4. %) were banned from traveling and socializing with friends and relatives.”
According to the findings of this study, 1,437 (95.5%) out of 1,504 respondents reported that they had Nationality Tazkeras; while , another 67 (4.5%) stated that they had been unable to receive a Nationality Tazkira, due to indifference and undervaluation by family members.
AIHRC added that it advocates for the human rights of persons with disabilities through mechanisms, such as, monitoring, investigation, follow-up, advocacy, legal advice and awareness programs.