0.1% of World’s Greenhouse Gases Produced In Afghanistan

Kabul: Afghanistan is the only source of 0.1% of greenhouse gases in the world, with the main greenhouse gases being carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O), according to the first national report on Afghanistan’s greenhouse gas inventory list released by the Afghan National Environmental Protection Agency on Sunday.

With rising global warming concerns across the world, the report reveals pertinent details about the environment and report examines the gases from energy production, agriculture, industry and waste in the period 1990 to 2017. Of these, the share of energy production with 49.8% in greenhouse gas emissions is higher than any other sector. In addition, 46.2% of greenhouse gases come from agricultural activities, 3.5% from waste and 0.6% from the activities of manufacturing plants.

Ezatullah Siddiqi, deputy director of the National Environmental Protection Agency, described the report as one of the country’s serious needs for effective planning to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. As per Sediqi, this report has also been sent to the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and has been approved by them.

Rafi Ghazizada, director general of natural resources at the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation, said the organization is working to play a vital role nationally and internationally in creating compatibility and carbon sequestration through appropriate methods of agriculture, reforestation and development, green cover and vegetation.

“In the solar year of 1,400, the ministry plans to rehabilitate more than 25,000 hectares of forest,” he said.
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“Similarly, the ministry intends to manage more than 100,000 hectares of pastures in a healthy manner. At the same time, more than 5,000 areas of our decomposing medicinal plants are to be rehabilitated. More than 61,000 cubic meters of leachate (small holes for water storage) and more than 420 small water reservoirs are also being created to absorb water.”

Greenhouse gases are known to be one of the major causes of global warming. Although Afghanistan has a small share in the production of these gases, because these gases know no boundaries, it has also affected Afghanistan.

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