The International Organisation for Migration has released their weekly report about the status migration in Afghanistan.
It was reported that a total of 805,850 total returns took place from Iran and Pakistan between 01 Jan—31 Dec 2018, of which 773,125 returns were from Iran and 32,725 returns were from Pakistan.
It has noted that there have been 5,721 undocumented Afghans returned from Iran between 01 – 05 Jan 2019.
Furthermore, there have been 425 undocumented Afghans who returned from Pakistan between 01 – 05 Jan 2019.
It has been reported that 4% of returnees from Iran (226 individuals) have been assisted and 84% of returnees from Pakistan (357 individuals) have been assisted.
IOM has reported that undocumented returns from Iran in particular are seeing a massive increase of more than 200,000 to over 460,000 total between January-July 2018 versus 187,000 during the same time period in 2017, “largely driven by recent political and economic issues in Iran including massive currency devaluation”.
As Afghans primarily work in the informal economy in Iran the demand for this type of work is drastically reduced. Further as all Afghans typically send home their earnings in the form of monthly remittances, the Afghan economy itself, already evident in the drought affected provinces of Herat, Badghis and Ghor, is suffering direct and immediate effects.